water lily to illustrate bladder support devices

Bladder support pessaries: how do they work?

Bladder support pessaries: extra support from the inside

updated 2021 (original 2019)

Strengthening your pelvic floor is still first prize for bladder leakage problems.  But what if you cannot create enough strength and support for the bladder with your pelvic floor muscles alone? You may benefit from one of the modern bladder support pessaries that give some reinforcement to the bladder neck and bladder tube.

These are devices that you can buy on the internet and then insert and remove yourself. They are designed to be worn all day but not all the time. These can be a surprisingly inexpensive & eco-friendly option, compared to disposable pads. Ideal if you know when you will leak and need to use the device only for intermittent pre-planned activities.

Available in the UK at the moment are , Contam, Contiform, Efemia and Uresta.  They vary in price chiefly relative to how many times they can be re-used.  Contiform and Efemia are available on prescription.

Would they suit you ?

Have you done your pelvic floor exercises, improved your core, modified high impact and improved your fluid management? Still not quite resolved your bladder leakage? Then one of the bladder support pessaries may offer an alternative to surgery (NICE Guideline NG123 2019). They have a similar mechanism of action  (mechanical support of the urethra) to the TVT and colposuspension surgical procedures but no side effects or surgical risk.

In my clinical experience, these support pessaries work particularly well in certain situations.  For example when the bladder has dropped only a little bit and the uterus is still well supported. Or, if exercises have created a good layer of muscles but you still need more bladder support to be active.

How do internal bladder support pessaries reduce urinary leakage?

These devices work by providing more support for the bladder neck.  When you move fast (eg jogging, playing tennis) or there is an increase in abdominal pressure (coughing, sneezing, jumping), the pelvic floor muscle is supposed to support the bladder neck so that there is no leakage.  However, if the muscles are weakened and/or untoned that support can be lost. 

hose lying on grass and path
Would it be easier to stop the water by standing on the hose on the grass or on the path?

Are a visual person?   Imagine a running hose pipe, lying on  soft grass.  When you lay your foot on the pipe you may slow the flow of water. But you may not be able to stop it completely.  However, if you lay your hosepipe on a firmer surface, like a garden path, when you press down on the hosepipe the water flow stops. A toned pelvic floor should act like that firm path. But if yours isn’t up to scratch a pessary could do that job instead.

What type of urinary leakage will they help?

Bladder support pessaries are best for small leaks associated with movement. Or leaks when the bladder is under pressure from coughing, sneezing or laughing (stress urinary incontinence).

They create a mechanical uplift to support the bladder neck the way the pelvic floor is supposed to do. 

These would suit women who don’t generally experience day to day stress incontinence but know when they are going to leak. For example if you know you will have incontinence if you do a run, or when you go to Zumba. Or if you feel anxious about an event, like going to a wedding, or travelling. You might only use a product like this once or twice a week. With one of these in you might not need any other protection, or would feel confident with simply a liner or a pair washable knickers “just in case”.

They can’t help with urgency or irritable bladder

What these devices can’t do is change symptoms like urgency.  If your bladder is irritated by caffeine, being too full, or you have an overactive bladder, you won’t see any improvement using one of these.  Pelvic floor exercises DO help these symptoms because the pelvic floor contracting activates neurological messages which calm the bladder down.  Unfortunately these devices can’t do that. 

If urgency or frequency symptoms are your bother – then you need to practice “endurance/holding” pelvic floor exercises (see more in the Pelvic Floor School) and have also read of the article “How much should you drink in day and when should you have a wee?” for more impact on these problems.

a glass how much should you drink in a day

Can I leave it in to wee?  What about during my period?

Yes, they are all designed to be left in when you have a wee or bowel movement.  The pressure of the bladder squeezing is enough to push the urine past the supported area when you need to.

You could still use the Contiform or Efemia pessary when you had a period (as the menstrual fluid can flow through it) but you couldn’t use a tampon at the same time.  The other designs (Contam, Uresta) act as a block but are not absorbant like a tampon, so shouldn’t be used during your period.

Note: The term pessary can be confusing

Because these devices to reduce bladder leakage sit inside the vagina they are termed a “pessary” but they should not be confused with a  traditonal pessary used for supporting Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP). For more information about pessaries for prolapse read here

Field Guide: bladder support pessaries to reduce stress urinary incontinence

Each company markets their own product and may use more than one distributor so prices can vary.  Here is my personal “quick guide” to what’s out there at the moment, apologies if it has already changed again by the time you read this!  Please do let me know if I have missed something out, or you find a new supplier or product before me! Please do comment to support other readers & share your experiences:

Contrelle Activgard

picture of Contrelle Activgard

single use only 

currently unavailable in UK  but understood to be returning soon.

Contam Pessary

picture of contam

 

single use only

£26.99 for a starter set (range of 3 sizes “normal” or “large”). From £12.95 each bought singly, or just under £10 each if bought in groups of 3 thereafter from www.stressnomore.co.uk 

* use promotion code SUPPORTEDMUMS at checkout for a 15% discount

These are quite new on the market.  There are no clinical trials listed.

Contam is a brand offering a variety of shapes and sizes of single-use vaginal pessaries. It is the tampon shaped ones that are suitable for supporting the bladder neck. The cube shaped ones are for going much further back in the vagina to support a more severe uterus prolapse. Unlike tampons they do not absorb moisture from the vagina. You soak them in water before use to make them pliable and elastic to insert and to prevent drying out of the vaginal wall.

It is suggested that you position them differently according to the problem: For incontinence: “insert the pessary deep into your vagina, then pull it back slightly so that it’s within reach of your fingers”

Note: see a size chart under “product description” on the website.

Contiform

picture of Contiform

available on NHS prescription

re-use up to 30 times

£97 starter pack of 3, £46 per unit thereafter* from contiform.co.uk

*further 20% reduction if you complete a VAT exemption form

Also available on NHS prescription from your GP [starter pack: NHS order code   SKU184 , PIP code 375-5808 ]

The principle of the Contiform is to create uplift and support for the neck of the bladder.  These are guaranteed to be re-usable up to 30 insertions. So if you felt you needed support daily rather than ad hoc this is likely a more economical option in the longer term.

The Contiform Pessary looks like a plastic hollow tampon.    The smaller circle supports the bladder tube (the urethra). The larger surface lies against the floor of the vagina, giving support to the bowel wall.  They are made of a firm but flexible non-latex plastic. Each can be reused, with the guarantee up to 30 times. There is a “slit” that develops with wear to show you when the device needs changing. Use for longer if not worn all day. There is an optional ribbon to help with removal.

You can buy Contiform online or they are available on NHS prescription.  You would need to tell  your GP about your symptoms, and ask him to prescribe a starter pack for you.  While you are there ask for a referral to specialist physiotherapy too if you haven’t already got your own pelvic floor coach(!).  Especially if using a Contiform works for you – it suggests that a stronger pelvic floor could do this job naturally for you too!

Fiona Rogers, physio, clearly explains how to use the contiform. See 2:18 to understand how the “split” works. 3:08 about removal with or without the ribbon.

Efemia Bladder Support

efemia bladder support device

available on NHS prescription

re-use for 3 months

The Starter Kit contains all three sizes (S- 30mm, M- 35mm and L- 40mm) to find your best fit. £59. Thereafter £49 for each single replacement.

www.aghealth.co.uk

The newest member of this ‘family’ of bladder support pessaries. Efemia feels more petite, lighter and softer than the Contiform & Uresta. It is made of transparent flexible medical grade silicone. It is designed to sit lower in the vagina, tucking just behind the pubic bone. Similar to the space where a TVT procedure is positioned. Positioning correctly is straight forward. You leave the handle part on the outside of the body, but this could be irritating to the labia or vulva tissues for some women (efemia recommend using water based lubricant if this occurs). The external loop makes it easy to remove. It needs just a rinse between uses. You can leave it in place during menstruation but you could not use a tampon at the same time.

The Efemia website has a good video to show you the position it takes up and how this helps to support the bladder tube (the urethra) as you cough or move.

Like Contiform and Uresta it’s effectiveness is supported by small clinical trials. It is available on NHS prescription in England. You would need to tell  your GP about your symptoms, and ask him to prescribe a starter pack for you.  While you are there ask for a referral to specialist physiotherapy too. Especially if using an Efemia Bladder Support works for you. That suggests that a stronger pelvic floor could do this job naturally for you too!

Uresta

picture of uresta

resuable for a year

£179 (ex-VAT ) + £8 P&P  for a starter kit containing 3 sizes  from iMEDicare on 01923 237795 or via uresta.uk

Uresta, designed and manufactured in Canada, joins this family of internal support devices with the unique selling point that it is fully reuseable for one year.

So if you have had good success with one of the devices above this would be a natural progression to a potentially more environmentally friendly and overall less expensive option.

A clinical trial of 32 women found that of those still using it at 2 weeks (21 women out of the original 32), 76% of them (16) were still using it at their 12 month visit.*

*    Farrell SA, Baydock S, Amir B, et al.  Effectiveness of a new self-positioning pessary for the management of urinary incontinence in women.  Am J  Obst  Gynaecol 2007:196:474e.1-474.e8

There is a helpful video from their website below. If you are worried about the high initial cost Uresta offer a full money back guarantee. There is also give good advice about how to find the right size for you.

this video is from uresta.co.uk

Beware misleading marketing

Some of the marketing blurbs list “strengthen your pelvic floor” as a benefit of using their pessary device.  This is only true in the loosest meaning. While they are in place, by artificially re-inforcing the vagina wall,  I suppose you could claim that is “strengthening” the pelvic floor action – but they are in no way making any change to the muscle.  Only exercise can change the composition and activity of the muscles or surgery the non-muscular elements.  When you take the device out the structural situation remains the same.   However, these devices definitely offer an alternative to surgery. Or a Buy Some Time option if you need to complete your family or are undecided about a bigger procedure.

Living life to the full

To conclude – I would suggest that these devices are part of your package of things you are doing/using to change the way that bladder leakage limits your lifestyle. Make it your goal to cure your leakage problem rather than simply manage it.

However, if you are not worrying about leaking, you will fee more confident to exercise. This is a Good Thing for your overall health, wellbeing and mood.   

Do contact your local specialist physiotherapist to help support you. She will guide you towards the right products, exercises and sports for your needs

Have you tried one of these internal bladder support pessaries? What did you think? Any tips for other mums?

Medical Disclaimer

Any information or guidance we provide is not a substitute for the consultation, diagnosis, and/or medical treatment of your doctor or healthcare provider.

You must not rely on any information or guidance we provide you with as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or healthcare provide and we expressly disclaim all responsibility, and shall have no liability, for any damages, loss, injury, or liability whatsoever suffered by you or any third party as a result of your reliance on any information or guidance we provide you with.

If you have any specific questions or concerns about any medical matter, you should consult your doctor or healthcare provider as soon as possible.

If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention from your healthcare provider. Do not delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice or discontinue medical treatment because of information or guidance we provide you with.

Nothing in this disclaimer will limit or exclude any liability that may not be limited or excluded by applicable law. 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *